Table 5

Difference-in-Difference Estimates for Welfare Receipts

VariablesDependent Variable: ln Amount
Mobile money



Rainfall shock



Interaction (MM × RS)



Overall effect



Mean outcome0.071
Household fixed effectsYes
Year fixed effectsYes
  • Notes: The entries of the table report the DiD coefficients of mobile money, rainfall shock, and their interaction term on the log amount of welfare receipts from government and NGOs over the past 12 months. The question in the LSMS-ISA questionnaire is: “How much money did your household receive from government or NGOs in the last 12 months?” See notes in Table 3 (Column 2) for the specification and the set of controls used in the estimation. Robust standard errors, clustered at the enumeration area, are reported in parentheses. Significance: p<0.10, **p<0.05, ***p<0.01.