Table 2

Balance Test: First-Son versus First-Daughter Families

Mean
AllFirst SonFirst DaughterDifference, SDp-Value (H1: Diff. ≠ 0)
(1)(2)(3)(4)(5)
First son

0.518

(0.500)

Father’s age

39.52

(5.719)

39.54

(5.769)

39.51

(5.666)

0.030

[0.173]

0.655

Father’s schooling years

9.170

(3.313)

9.149

(3.263)

9.193

(3.367)

−0.044

[0.104]

0.530

Father’s hukou (urban = 1)

0.227

(0.419)

0.226

(0.418)

0.229

(0.420)

−0.003

[0.014]

0.845

Father’s political status (CCP = 1)

0.114

(0.318)

0.104

(0.305)

0.126

(0.332)

−0.022

[0.010]

0.129

Mother’s age

37.62

(5.815)

37.74

(5.852)

37.50

(5.775)

0.240

[0.176]

0.331

Mother’s schooling years

8.347

(3.659)

8.328

(3.548)

8.367

(3.776)

−0.039

[0.115]

0.820

Mother’s hukou (urban = 1)

0.215

(0.411)

0.217

(0.412)

0.213

(0.409)

0.004

[0.013]

0.132

Mother’s political status (CCP = 1)

0.031

(0.173)

0.031

(0.173)

0.031

(0.174)

−0.000

[0.006]

0.882

First child’s age

11.68

(4.105)

11.69

(4.057)

11.67

(4.158)

0.020

[0.127]

0.856

Region of residence (urban = 1)

0.485

(0.500)

0.476

(0.500)

0.496

(0.500)

−0.020

[0.015]

0.319

Ethnicity (minority = 1)

0.128

(0.334)

0.126

(0.332)

0.130

(0.336)

−0.004

[0.010]

0.640

Observations4,3632,2462,117
  • Notes: Data are from the 2013 CHFS. Statistics are based on our sample of CHFS households. Statistics are weighted by CHFS sampling weights. Standard deviations are given in parentheses. Standard errors are given in square brackets.