Table A1

Difference-in-difference estimates of AP IP adoption on main outcomes (sample: APIP schools and future-APIP schools)

123456789101112
log AP course enrollmentpercent 11th and 12 graders taking AB/IB examslog graduateslog SAT/ACT takerslog score above 1100/24 on SAT/ACTlog attend collegelog AP course enrollmentpercent 11th and 12 graders taking AB/IB examslog graduateslog SAT/ACT takerslog score above 1100/24 on SAT/ACTlog attend college
Treat0.058
[0.075]
2.382
[0.874]
0.0117
[0.0184]
−0.0435
[0.0408]
0.1361
[0.0527]*
0.0496
[0.0280]
0.095
[0.073]
2.206
[0.676]
0.0118
[0.0184]
−0.0464
[0.0541]
0.1976
[0.0253]
0.0534
[0.0294]
Log enrollment0.585
[0.572]
7.716
[4.879]
0.5801
[0.1276]
0.6347
[0.1775]
−0.029
[0.1848]
0.1447
[0.2327]
0.583
[0.588]
8.456
[6.132]
0.5947
[0.1298]
0.6775
[0.1776]
−0.0295
[0.1867]
0.0778
[0.2308]
Percent white−0.188
[0.277]
−0.332
[5.159]
−0.0339
[0.0556]
−0.0703
[0.0574]
0.0003
[0.1947]
0.099
[0.1554]
−0.131
[0.286]
−0.744
[6.210]
−0.0574
[0.0643]
−0.0689
[0.0530]
0.0986
[0.1927]
0.0431
[0.2035]
Percent black−0.189
[0.272]
−0.728
[5.196]
−0.0412
[0.0563]
−0.0807
[0.0575]
0.0025
[0.1854]
0.0915
[0.1534]
−0.141
[0.283]
−1.107
[6.278]
−0.0655
[0.0646]
−0.0804
[0.0537]
0.091
[0.1829]
0.0328
[0.2016]
Percent Hispanic−0.211
[0.282]
−0.637
[5.251]
−0.0384
[0.0558]
−0.0859
[0.0602]
−0.0259
[0.1825]
0.1074
[0.1583]
−0.161
[0.289]
− 1.095
[6.379]
−0.0631
[0.0635]
−0.0861
[0.0550]
0.065
[0.1807]
0.0479
[0.2073]
Percent Asian−0.2
[0.272]
0.169
[5.836]
−0.0399
[0.0591]
−0.0875
[0.0623]
−0.0227
[0.1759]
0.1468
[0.1539]
−0.159
[0.283]
−0.195
[7.035]
−0.064
[0.0685]
−0.0869
[0.0586]
0.064
[0.1708]
0.0837
[0.1976]
Percent Native American−0.1
[0.233]
2.986
[4.594]
−0.0036
[0.0519]
−0.0506
[0.0925]
0.0925
[0.2663]
0.1673
[0.1807]
−0.068
[0.256]
2.369
[4.881]
−0.0143
[0.0555]
−0.0449
[0.0827]
0.2029
[0.2761]
0.1285
[0.2390]
Percent free lunch0.003
[0.004]
0.056
[0.085]
0.0033
[0.0009]
0.0039
[0.0014]
−0.0027
[0.0016]
−0.0028
[0.0022]
0.005
[0.004]
0.053
[0.107]
0.0033
[0.0010]
0.0038
[0.0013]
−0.0029
[0.0020]
−0.0022
[0.0023]
Percent LEP−0.002
[0.007]
−0.084
[0.278]
−0.0015
[0.0007]
−0.0013
[0.0017]
−0.0084
[0.0044]
−0.001
[0.0036]
0
[0.006]
−0.012
[0.329]
−0.0014
[0.0010]
−0.0008
[0.0018]
−0.0072
[0.0038]
−0.001
[0.0034]
Log Mobile0.271
[0.163]
3.277
[2.716]
−0.0461
[0.0240]
−0.0094
[0.0404]
0.1362
[0.0970]
−0.025
[0.1475]
0.281
[0.170]
3.53
[3.081]
−0.0517
[0.0244]
−0.0201
[0.0396]
0.1444
[0.1044]
0.0218
[0.1490]
Lag log of Grade 11−0.414
[0.249]
1.079
[6.353]
0.3916
[0.0377]
0.3508
[0.1359]
0.5307
[0.1143]
0.4168
[0.1698]
−0.455
[0.258]
0.843
[6.145]
0.4247
[0.0373]
0.363
[0.1484]
0.5489
[0.1243]
0.4342
[0.2030]
Log Grade 120.243
[0.180]
3.926
[3.106]
0.3891
[0.0630]
0.4789
[0.2498]
0.4771
[0.1579]
0.4419
[0.2584]
0.247
[0.158]
3.712
[3.254]
0.3441
[0.0623]
0.4368
[0.2799]
0.4382
[0.1763]
0.4389
[0.2817]
Lag log of Grade 10−0.209
[0.232]
−9.844
[5.447]
−0.187
[0.240]
−11.096
[5.634]
Log grade 110.285
[0.315]
1.13
[7.654]
0.311
[0.291]
2.339
[8.844]
School effectsYESYESYESYESYESYESYESYESYESYESYESYES
Year effectsYESYESYESYESYESYESYESYESYESYESYESYES
Decile-year effectsNONONONONONOYESYESYESYESYESYES
Schools575757575757575757575757
Observations318222578578578226318222578578578226
  • Robust standard errors in brackets. Standard errors are clustered at the school district level. Grade 10, Grade 11, and Grade 12 in the variable name indicates Grades 10, 11, and 12 enrollments respectively.