School Characteristic | All Non-EITP CPS Elementary Schools | Treatment Schools | Control Schools | P-Value of Difference Between EITP and Non-EITP Means | P-Value of Difference Between Treatment and Control Means |
---|---|---|---|---|---|

Student enrollment | 553.93 (319.5) | 448.2 (209.8) | 497.8 (296.0) | 0.026 | 0.268 |

Female | 0.49 | 0.49 | 0.50 | 0.160 | 0.729 |

African-American | 0.52 | 0.60 | 0.67 | 0.026 | 0.255 |

Latino | 0.37 | 0.24 | 0.20 | 0.001 | 0.511 |

White | 0.08 | 0.11 | 0.08 | 0.509 | 0.343 |

Asian | 0.02 | 0.05 | 0.05 | 0.009 | 0.916 |

IEP | 0.13 | 0.13 | 0.14 | 0.695 | 0.455 |

FRPL | 0.85 | 0.82 | 0.83 | 0.300 | 0.978 |

Math achievement | 230.5 (14.4) | 232.9 (15.1) | 231.9 (12.9) | 0.275 | 0.826 |

Reading achievement | 219.2 (12.4) | 221.8 (13.6) | 222.0 (11.2) | 0.054 | 0.829 |

Number of schools | 374 | 44 | 49 | — | — |

Notes: Mean (standard deviation) of school-level student characteristics are reported for the 2008–2009 school year. IEP is the proportion of students in a school in receipt of an individualized education plan; FRPL is the proportion of students receiving free or reduced-price lunch. Math and reading achievement are for the 2008 ISAT (given in the Spring of the 2007–2008 school year). The ISAT is vertically scaled across grade levels, so students in upper grade levels will, on average, have higher scores than students in lower grade levels as an artifact of the scale score. We generated school-level achievement by first averaging scores at the grade level and then averaging these grade-level scores to the school level. The

*p*-value of the difference between treatment and control school means is adjusted for area fixed effects to account for the unit of randomization. We note that the mean school characteristics for treatment and control schools may also be found in Steinberg and Sartain (2015).