Table 4

First Stage: Imputed Potential Benefits Regressed on Simulated Potential Benefits

 Dependent Variable
1
Imputed Potential Real Cash and Food Benefits
2
Imputed Family Medicaid Eligibility
3
Imputed Potential Real Cash Benefits
4
Imputed Potential Real Food Benefits
5
Imputed Family Medicaid Eligibility
6
Imputed Potential Real TANF Benefits
7
Imputed Potential Real SSI Benefits
8
Imputed Potential Real EITC Benefits
9
Imputed Potential Real Food Benefits
10
Imputed Family Medicaid Eligibility
Simulated potential real cash and food0.7231**
(0.0234)
−0.0113**
(0.0034)
Simulated potential real cash0.8080**
(0.0153)
−0.0465*
(0.0207)
−0.0083*
(0.0033)
Simulated potential real TANF0.7973**
(0.0465)
0.0239
(0.0166)
0.0182
(0.0253)
−0.1387**
(0.0176)
−0.0117**
(0.0035)
Simulated potential real SSI−0.1110**
(0.0396)
0.6936**
(0.0714)
0.1423**
(0.0285)
0.2730**
(0.0441)
0.0058 +

(0.0031)
Simulated potential real EITC0.2394*
(0.1156)
0.0116
(0.0297)
0.4947**
(0.0585)
−0.2338**
(0.0784)
−0.0263*
(0.0129)
Simulated potential real food−0.0976*
(0.0393)
0.7390**
(0.0249)
−0.0179**
(0.0034)
−0.1517**
(0.0498)
0.0449**
(0.0109)
−0.0035
(0.0252)
0.7758**
(0.0238)
−0.0165**
(0.0032)
Simulated Medicaid eligibility−0.7023
(0.4580)
0.8183**
(0.0395)
−0.8889*
(0.3668)
0.2496
(0.1938)
0.8234**
(0.0397)
−0.5479
(0.3627)
−0.4650*
(0.1920)
0.3101
(0.1981)
0.1577
(0.2397)
0.8338**
(0.0464)
F statistic on instruments    478.83    224.48    1,385.23    413.12    178.75    272.00    23.65    43.21    240.49    107.88
P-value0.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.00
  • Notes: Imputed potential benefits determined using actual family earnings; simulated potential benefits determined for a constant 2001 population and matched by cell means. For details, see text. Standard errors in parentheses clustered on state. + ,*, and ** indicate statistical significance at the 10, 5, and 1 percent levels. Individual controls include parental age, number of kids in four categories, any child younger than age six, education in three categories interacted with race in four categories interacted with disability status. All regressions include state fixed effects, year fixed effects, and the state-year unemployment rate. Amounts in thousands of real 2005 dollars. Weighted by CPS sample weights. Number of observations = 28,194.